* translated into English with an online translation service, the original text can be found here
In contrast to baby animals, humanity has the longest period of childhood: even a child’s own body does not begin to own as quickly as a chicken that has just hatched into the world. Gradually, the little man learns to communicate with the help of speech, and with its help gradually appropriates the experience of humanity, its values, and culture. Or does not assign, because he listens less and, even more, reads, and runs more, imitates and competes in social positioning himself “in the wrong” contact environment, but for some reason this environment may be more comfortable for him…
The sense of “friend or foe” close, but not related identify, however, the expectations of a wide group of other perforce considers “baby primates” to the group of those who are in the moment, “it can and it cannot be – because even the babies.” On the other hand, the uniformity of interests (for example, to run and play) forms a company of “like-minded people” who do not want to do what “another age”, “another gender”, “another social status”, etc. does. But those close to me who give support and life support, have the most powerful influence and even power: “my people will protect me” as soon as I became ill, and perhaps teach me something else interesting that you want to “not lose”. They will teach you either by their own example, or, as with humans, by telling you about the examples of all the many people who lived before us.
So, thesis 1A: the Group with which a person identifies should be subconsciously needed for something – it is comfortable, warm and interesting, but without it there is not enough something important for a person.
And related thesis 1B: As soon as the group is bad, the group hurts, offends or tires of influences, you want to run away from it. Identification breaks up quickly if you can find a seemingly large acceptance in another (not necessarily new) group, where “I am understood”, where “I feel good”.
Thesis 2A: Multiplicity of identification – not a plus and not a minus, but the fact of the presence of any person at the same time many social roles (son, brother, grandson, neighbor, friend, etc.). The ability to experience empathy or to identify “all mankind”, or to step back from the “nerds” because “we, so-and-so, they do not respect” or feel “elite” by birth or presence of a gift is connected with the reflection and awareness (sometimes distorted) about the characteristics of different social groups, and desire to be accepted for ourselves in the most meaningful groups.
Thesis 2B: Multiplicity of identification becomes a problem if there is no “island of stability or berth”, and the feeling of” a place where I am unconditionally ” accepted, especially in weakness and trouble. For some, the family they created is closer and calmer than the parent family. For some, the opposite is true. But this does not, as a rule, cancel the sense of connection, uniformity and care for these two families. Just as the “feeling of nostalgia for the lost” does not disappear because of the fateful identification of a person with another social group, an identification that made it impossible to experience satisfaction while living in their (large or small) homeland. Although professionally, economically, or politically, a person could be quite successful, experiencing an indubitable involvement for him in a group that has the most significant values for him.
Thesis 3: Institutional opportunities and limitations in the formation of students ‘ identity are associated with the following factors:
– Additional education may be perceived as an ideological pressure that is inconsistent and difficult to provide in a society oriented in a liberal-democratic way. Embedded education occurs in any case, but it is difficult to control it, and to make it single-directed. At the same time, some of the students may begin to identify with chemical scientists, someone with a certain political movement, and someone with “young people who were annoyed by the teachers”.
– Family education, as well as the influence of the media and unmanageable information and communication environment, provides the very multiplicity of identification that the school can hardly change, but can expand and make more reflective. However, the creation of a place for self-realization and even attempts at self-affirmation in school can not be provided only by the format of training sessions. Based on the experience of countries where students may be too early to start choosing subjects to study, thus changing the composition of their “classmates”, we can say that it is an additional non – academic, but mandatory day (Saturday) for various types of social activities that allows students to identify with the community and values of this school, and with communities of narrower interest groups (by sport, social role, for example, newspaper publishers, or a professional group close to the visited circle).